Purpose: To evaluate the association of posterior vitreous opacities (PVO) on optical coherence tomography (OCT) with retinal tears identified on exam, in patients with acute, symptomatic posterior vitreous detachment (PVD).
Method: Data was retrospectively collected from the medical records of 388 patients with acute, symptomatic PVD between January 1, 2021, and June 30, 2021. Included patients had received a primary diagnosis of PVD and presented with flashes and/or floaters. OCT scans were reviewed by two separate readers for the presence of PVOs. The primary outcome was the presence of retinal tear on fundus photo and on exam.
Results: Of 388 patients who presented with acute PVD symptoms, 90 (23.2%) were found to have a retinal tear on dilated fundus exam. Among these patients, 78 (86.7%) were found to have PVOs on OCT. Statistical analysis demonstrated a significant relationship between the presence of PVOs and retinal tear (p < 0.01). The sensitivity and specificity of this finding was 86.7% and 72.5%, respectively. Further analysis included Area Under the Curve (AUC) from Receiver Operating Characteristic (ROC) Curve which was found to be 0.80.
Conclusion: The presence of PVOs on OCT is suggestive of a retinal tear in patients with acute, symptomatic PVD.
Rao, Aishwarya V. BS, Shah, Ankoor R., Nguyen, Vy T. et al. Use of Optical Coherence Tomography in Detecting Retinal Tears in Acute, Symptomatic Posterior Vitreous Detachment. Retina 2022. https://journals.lww.com/retinajournal/Abstract/9900/Use_of_Optical_Coherence_Tomography_in_Detecting.259.aspx