Purpose: To evaluate subfoveal choroidal thickness in patients with central retinal vein occlusion (CRVO) using enhanced depth imaging optical coherence tomography.
Design: Retrospective observational study.
Methods: We measured bilateral subfoveal choroidal thickness, averaged for 100 scans, in 36 patients (mean age, 66 ± 15 years; 26 women and 10 men) with unilateral CRVO by using the enhanced depth imaging methods of the Spectralis optical coherence tomography system. Twenty-two patients were treated with intravitreal bevacizumab (1.25 mg/0.05 mL), and subfoveal choroidal thickness was measured before and after treatment. Statistical analysis was performed to compare subfoveal choroidal thickness of CRVO and fellow eyes and to compare subfoveal choroidal thickness before and after intravitreal bevacizumab.
Results: Mean subfoveal choroidal thickness measured in 36 eligible eyes of 36 patients was 257.1 ± 83.2 μm, which was significantly greater than that in fellow eyes (222.6 ± 67.8 μm; P < .01, paired t test). There was strong correlation between CRVO eyes and fellow eyes (r = 0.79, P < .01). Mean subfoveal choroidal thickness after intravitreal bevacizumab was 227.7 ± 65.1 μm, which was significantly thinner than that before intravitreal bevacizumab therapy (266.9 ± 79.0 μm; P < .01, paired t test).
Conclusions: Subfoveal choroidal thickness of CRVO eyes was significantly greater than that of fellow eyes and decreased significantly after intravitreal bevacizumab treatment. Enhanced depth imaging optical coherence tomography can be used to evaluate choroidal involvement in CRVO and may assist noninvasive diagnosis and management of this disease.
Tsuiki E, Suzuma K, Ueki R, Maekawa Y, Kitaoka T. Enhanced depth imaging optical coherence tomography of the choroid in central retinal vein occlusion. Am J Ophthalmol. 2013;156(3):543-547.