Optical coherence tomography predicts visual outcome in acute central retinal vein occlusion

Purpose: To investigate the clinical features of central retinal vein occlusion (CRVO) in relation to the presence of a prominent middle limiting membrane (p-MLM) sign on presenting optical coherence tomography, which may suggest macular ischemia and poor visual outcome.

Methods: Fifty consecutive eyes with acute CRVO of <1 month of symptom duration before presentation were retrospectively reviewed. A hyperreflective line located in the outer plexiform layer (p-MLM) in optical coherence tomography was used as a sign of acute ischemia. Cases with p-MLM were grouped and compared with the group of eyes with no p-MLM sign (non-MLM group) for clinical features including visual acuities, central fovea thickness, and CRVO types.

Results: Among the 50 eyes, 14 (28%) eyes showed a p-MLM sign, 21 (42%) eyes did not, and others had equivocal findings. Eyes with p-MLM sign presented worse initial and final best-corrected visual acuity compared with the non-MLM group (1.10 ± 0.72 vs. 0.47 ± 0.49 logMAR in the initial best-corrected visual acuity, P = 0.007; and 1.08 ± 0.86 vs. 0.32 ± 0.41 logMAR in the final best-corrected visual acuity, P = 0.044) in patients with a follow-up duration of 6 months or longer. The p-MLM group eyes showed a higher tendency toward being classified as ischemic type CRVO (57.1 vs. 4.8%, P = 0.001).

Conclusion: Central retinal vein occlusion showing p-MLM on optical coherence tomography had worse visual outcome with higher incidence of being classified into ischemic type CRVO.

Ko J, Kwon OW, Byeon SH. Optical coherence tomography predicts visual outcome in acute central retinal vein occlusion. Retina. 2014;34(6):1132-41. 

Ko J, Kwon OW, Byeon SH.Retina. 2014;34(6):1132-41.



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